Incontinence, or loss of bladder control, is a problem that affects many women. This problem might occur with certain physical activities such as coughing, laughing, or even just at the sound of running water. When urine leakage becomes frequent or sever enough to be a problem that it affects your daily life, it is called incontinence. It is not a serious medical problem, but it is a serious quality of life issues for many women.
We know that problems like urine leakage, UTI’s (Urinary Tract Infections) and bladder infections can be embarrassing to talk about, but it is important for you to talk to your doctor about these issues when they affect you.
Weak pelvic floor muscles can lead to stress urinary incontinence, which is a major health problem, affecting nearly 23% of women over the age of 60, 24% between the ages of 18-44, and has a detrimental impact on their daily activities and quality of life. Close to 20 million women in America suffer from urinary incontinence and out of all the types of incontinence listed below, stress urinary incontinence is the most common. Weak pelvic floor muscles lead to urinary incontinence. Overactive bladder is caused by the detrusor muscle that surrounds the bladder and spasms.
Types of Urinary Incontinence
Broadly, there are 7 types of urinary incontinence that affect women in America:
1. Stress Urinary: Leakage, often while exercising, sneezing, and coughing
2. Urge Urinary Incontinence: Large amount of leakage, at any time even during sleep
3. Overactive Bladder Incontinence: Even after passing urine, the bladder continues to dribble small amounts
4. Functional Urinary Incontinence: People are aware they need to urinate, but unable to reach the bathroom in time. Poor eyesights, dementia, confusion, & ineberation due to alcohol are some causes of this type of incontinence.
5. Overflow Urinary Incontinence: Small amount of leakage, unexpectedly due to a full bladder
6. Mixed Urinary Incontinence: Stress & urge occurs together
7. Transient Urinary Incontinence: Temporary condition due to an infection, new medication, or a cold accompanied by cough
Pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, and the structure of the female urinary tract can be reasons for incontinence. Symptoms of urinary incontinence can get progressively worse over time. Patients who exhibit signs and symptoms should seek medical attention. Addressing this issue early on can prevent surgery in the future. Urinary incontinence can be an underlying physical problem or changes including:
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